16/11/2020

Türkiye'nin İHA Teknolojisi ve Kullanımının Literatürdeki Yansımaları

2020 Mart ayındaki Bahar Kalkanı Harekâtı'nda Suriye ordusuna karşı Türk silahlı insansız hava araçlarının (SİHA) büyük başarı kazanması, İHA ve SİHA'ların modern savaştaki yeri ve savaş alanının dönüşümü konusunda uluslararası camiada yoğun araştırma ve tartışmaları tetikledi.

Suriye'den kısa süre sonra Libya'da sahada zor durumda ve kuşatılmış vaziyetteki meşru Ulusal Mutabakat Hükümeti'nin Hafter güçlerine karşı yine Türk SİHA'larının ön planda olduğu karşı saldırılarla büyük başarılar kazanması ve tüm dengelerin tersine dönmesi, bahsi geçen tartışmalara yeni veriler sağladı.

Son olarak 2'nci Dağlık Karabağ Savaşı'nda Azerbaycan ordusunun Türk ve İsrail yapımı İHA ve SİHA'larla Ermeni birliklerine büyük kayıplar verdirmesi ve savaşı kazanması, merkezinde SİHA'ların olduğu bir dönüşümün yaşandığı ve Türkiye'nin bir İHA gücü olarak anılması gerektiği şeklindeki değerlendirmelerin sayısını artırdı.

2020 başından bu yana Türk yapımı İHA ve SİHA'ların savaş alanındaki performansı, taktik, stratejik ve jeopolitik etkileri ile Türkiye'nin İHA gücü olarak konumuna dair dünya çapında başlıca basın organı ve düşünce kuruluşlarının yayımladığı analiz, rapor ve makaleleri aşağıya sıraladım. Fırsat buldukça güncellemeye çalışacağım.



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David Axe, "Turkey Is The Middle East's Newest Drone Super Power", The National Interest, 09.04.2020: https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/turkey-middle-easts-newest-drone-super-power-142242

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Can Kasapoğlu, "Turkey’s Drone Blitz Over Idlib", The Jamestown Foundation, 17.04.2020: https://jamestown.org/program/turkeys-drone-blitz-over-idlib/

Sergey Sukhankin, "Is Turkey About to Become a Drone Superpower?", Fair Observer, 05.05.2020: https://www.fairobserver.com/region/middle_east_north_africa/sergey-sukhankin-turkey-drones-superpower-denfense-industry-arms-trade-news-00171/

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Charlie Gao, "Forget Israel, Turkey Wants To Be The Middle East's Great Drone Power", The National Interest, 08.05.2020: https://nationalinterest.org/blog/buzz/forget-israel-turkey-wants-be-middle-easts-great-drone-power-151976

Seth J. Frantzman, "A secretive proxy drone war just exploded in Libya", The Jerusalem Post, 20.05.2020: https://www.jpost.com/middle-east/a-secretive-proxy-drone-war-just-exploded-in-libya-628600

Alex Gatopoulos, "‘Largest drone war in the world’: How airpower saved Tripoli", Al Jazeera, 28.05.2020: https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/05/28/largest-drone-war-in-the-world-how-airpower-saved-tripoli/

Federico Borsari, "Remotely Piloted Ambitions: Drones in Turkish Foreign Policy", Italian Institute for International Political Studies, 01.06.2020: https://www.ispionline.it/en/pubblicazione/remotely-piloted-ambitions-drones-turkish-foreign-policy-26378

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Mushvig Mehdiyev, "Azerbaijan Military May Soon Get Famed Turkish-Made Drones", Caspian News, 10.06.2020: https://caspiannews.com/news-detail/azerbaijan-military-may-soon-get-famed-turkish-made-drones-2020-6-7-16/

Seth J. Frantzman, "Russian air defense systems outmatched by Turkish drones in Syria and Libya", Long War Journal, 10.06.2020: https://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2020/06/russian-air-defense-systems-outmatched-by-turkish-drones-in-syria-and-libya.php

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Sibel Düz, "The Ascension of Turkey as a Drone Power: History, Strategy, and Geopolitical Implications", SETA, Temmuz 2020: https://setav.org/en/assets/uploads/2020/07/A65En.pdf

Hay Eytan Cohen Yanarocak, "Turkey's Giant Leap: Unmanned Aerial Vehicles", The Moshe Dayan Center for Middle Eastern and African Studies, 13.08.2020: https://dayan.org/content/turkeys-giant-leap-unmanned-aerial-vehicles

Metin Gürcan, "Turkey banks on military drones to extend power, regional clout", Al Monitor, 20.08.2020: https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/08/turkey-defense-pins-high-hope-on-new-drone-in-syria-libya.html

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Paul Iddon, "Turkey’s Drones Are Coming In All Sizes These Days", Forbes, 04.10.2020: https://www.forbes.com/sites/pauliddon/2020/10/04/turkeys-drones-are-coming-in-all-sizes-these-days/?sh=58998c1c2004

"How Turkey Outclassed The UK With Their Own Technology To Develop One Of World’s Most Lethal Drones?", The EurAsian Times, 07.10.2020: https://eurasiantimes.com/how-turkey-outclassed-the-uk-with-their-own-technology-to-develop-one-of-worlds-most-lethal-drones/

Sinan Tavşan, "Turkey begins to rival China in military drones", Nikkei Asia, 07.10.2020: https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/Turkey-begins-to-rival-China-in-military-drones

Seth J. Frantzman, "How Azerbaijan's Drones Show what the Future War Looks Like | Opinion", Newsweek, 07.10.2020: https://www.newsweek.com/how-azerbaijans-drones-show-what-future-war-looks-like-opinion-1536487

Laura Pitel, "Turkey’s armed drones bolster Erdogan’s hard-power tactics", Financial Times, 08.10.2020: https://www.ft.com/content/8e9e9892-2bf2-4912-a6cd-46b5c09cbff6

Dorian Jones, "Turkish Drone Power Displayed in Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict", Voice of America, 13.10.2020: https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/turkish-drone-power-displayed-nagorno-karabakh-conflict

"Turkish armed drones in Karabakh – more than a new weapon in the fight", JAM News, 13.10.2020: https://jam-news.net/turkish-drones-drone-in-nagorno-karabakh/

Joanna Frew, "The use of drones in the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict", DroneWars, 14.10.2020: https://dronewars.net/2020/10/14/the-use-of-drones-in-the-ongoing-nagorno-karabakh-conflict/

Sébastien Roblin, "Cheap drones from China, Turkey and Israel are fueling conflicts like Armenia and Azerbaijan's", NBC, 14.10.2020: https://www.nbcnews.com/think/opinion/cheap-drones-china-turkey-israel-are-fueling-conflicts-armenia-azerbaijan-ncna1243246

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Adam Bensaid, "Turkey’s TB2 drones are changing modern warfare", 26.10.2020: https://www.trtworld.com/magazine/turkey-s-tb2-drones-are-changing-modern-warfare-40924

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David Hambling, "The ‘Magic Bullet’ Drones Behind Azerbaijan’s Victory Over Armenia", Forbes, 10.11.2020: https://www.forbes.com/sites/davidhambling/2020/11/10/the-magic-bullet-drones-behind--azerbaijans-victory-over-armenia/amp/?sh=1a6e27135e57&__twitter_impression=true

Jason Pack ve Wolfgang Pusztai, "Turning the Tide: How Turkey Won the War for Tripoli", Middle East Institute, 10.11.2020: https://www.mei.edu/publications/turning-tide-how-turkey-won-war-tripoli

İrem Köker, "Dağlık Karabağ: İHA ve SİHA'ların rolü ne oldu, Azerbaycan'a nasıl avantaj sağladı?", BBC Türkçe, 12.11.2020: https://www.bbc.com/turkce/haberler-dunya-54917938

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Ron Synovitz, "Technology, Tactics, And Turkish Advice Lead Azerbaijan To Victory In Nagorno-Karabakh", RFE/RL, 13.11.2020: https://www.rferl.org/amp/technology-tactics-and-turkish-advice-lead-azerbaijan-to-victory-in-nagorno-karabakh/30949158.html

"How drones helped Azerbaijan defeat Armenia, and the implications for future modern warfare", The Print, 14.11.2020: https://theprint.in/opinion/how-drones-helped-azerbaijan-defeat-armenia-and-the-implications-for-future-modern-warfare/544668/

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Franz-Stefan Gady ve Alexander Stronell, "What the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Revealed About Future Warfighting", World Politics Review, 19.11.2020: https://www.worldpoliticsreview.com/articles/29229/what-the-nagorno-karabakh-conflict-revealed-about-future-warfighting

Saikiran Kannan, "The Great Drone Lesson: What India could learn from Azerbaijan’s victory over Armenia", India Today, 21.11.2020: https://www.indiatoday.in/news-analysis/story/drone-india-learn-azerbaijan-victory-armenia-deep-dive-1742900-2020-11-21

Andrés Mourenza, "Los nuevos señores del cielo", El Pais, 23.11.2020: https://elpais.com/internacional/2020-11-22/los-nuevos-senores-del-cielo.html

Gustav Gressel, "Military lessons from Nagorno-Karabakh: Reason for Europe to worry", European Council on Foreign Relations, 24.11.2020: https://ecfr.eu/article/military-lessons-from-nagorno-karabakh-reason-for-europe-to-worry/

Benjamin Brimelow, "A brief, bloody war in a corner of Asia is a warning about why the tank's days of dominance may be over", Business Insider, 25.11.2020: https://www.businessinsider.com/drones-in-armenia-azerbaijan-war-raises-doubt-about-tanks-future-2020-11

Kareem Fahim, "Turkey’s military campaign beyond its borders is powered by homemade armed drones", The Washington Post, 30.11.2020: https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/middle_east/turkey-drones-libya-nagorno-karabakh/2020/11/29/d8c98b96-29de-11eb-9c21-3cc501d0981f_story.html





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