11 Mayıs 2005 Çarşamba

İran ve Yeni Denizaltıları

Basına yansıyan haberlerde İran'ın yeni denizaltılar üretmeye başladığı bildirilmekte.. İlk bakışta klasik (konvansiyonel) denizaltı gibi algılanıyor ancak bence gereçkte durum böyle değil. İranlı komutanların alışkanlıkları burada da kendini göstermiş ve sistemlerin kabiliyetleri aşırı abartılarak gözdağı verilmeye çalışılmış izlenimini edindim.

İran bir süredir "Midget Submarine" olarak da tabir edilen mini denizaltılar üretmekteydi. İlk olarak 2000 senesinde kamuoyuna gösterilen Sabehat-15 denizaltısıyla su üstüne çıkan bu çalışmalarda Kuzey Kore'nin hatırı sayılır desteği olduğu tahmin ediliyor.



Sabehat-15, 9.2 metre uzunluğa ve yaklaşık 90 ton deplasmana sahip bir araç. Yeni üretilen Qadir sınıfı denizaltıların da boyut ve deplasman açısından çok da farklı olacaklarını zannetmiyorum. Bu araçlar keşif, sabotaj ve mayın döşeme amaçlı kullanılmaktalar. Füze veya torpido taşımaları mümkün görünmüyor. Bu derece küçük bir aracın torpido veya güdümlü füze taşıması mümkün değil, zira sadece füze / torpido değil, görev ekipmanı ve alt sistemler için de hatırı sayılır yer gerekli.

Bu tür araçlar önemli bir taktik etkiye sahip olamasalar da, Basra Körfezi'ndeki trafiği üzerinde ciddi tehdit teşkil edebilirler. İran'ın elindeki teknolojik altyapının modern konvansiyonel savaş gemileri ve denizaltıları yurt içinde üretmeye yeteceğini düşünmüyorum. Teknoloji - yoğun olan bu alanlarda şart olan dış desteğe ulaşım, İran için son derece güç...



Iran Making Midget Subs

Wednesday, May 11, 2005

TEHRAN - Reuters


Iran has started to manufacture midget submarines that can land troops and fire rockets, state media reported on Tuesday.
State television showed pictures of a bottle-green midget submarine docked in the southern port of Bandar Abbas, but said it could not show the production line for security reasons.

"We are currently making a number of these submarines and we are proud of it," said Admiral Mohammad Reza Zahedi, who heads the plant producing the submarines.

One foreign military attache in Tehran said the vessels appeared to be well-engineered but he doubted they had much ballistic capability and were most likely to be used for ferrying troops.

The news came as Iran faces continued Western pressure over its nuclear program, which Tehran says is limited to peaceful electricity generation.

The United States and Israel accuse the Islamic state of developing atomic weapons and have vowed to stop Tehran acquiring them. But U.S. officials have played down media speculation earlier this year they were planning military action against Iran.

Another defense industry official confirmed to state radio that Iran had begun a production line of midget submarines, which are generally used for carrying troops in amphibious operations.

Nuclear work imminent:

Meanwhile, Iran shrugged off U.S. and EU warnings that it could be hauled before the U.N. Security Council and confirmed on Tuesday it would resume some sensitive nuclear work very soon.

"The decision to resume some activities has been taken and now we are discussing the timing for resuming. But this decision is imminent as well," Mohammad Saeedi, deputy head of Iran's Atomic Energy Organization, told Reuters.

Asked if Iran, which denies seeking nuclear arms, would re-start machinery currently under U.N. seals immediately after the decision was taken, he said: "Yes."

EU officials urged Iran on Tuesday not to resume any nuclear activities which it agreed to freeze in a November agreement in Paris with Britain, France and Germany.



Sabehat-15 ile ilgili haberler:



Iran Navy Launches First Domestically Produced Submarine


Tuesday, August 29, 2000 - IranMania.com



TEHRAN, Aug 29 (AFP) - Iran on Tuesday launched its first domestically manufactured submarine at a ceremony in the Persian Gulf port city of Bandar Abbas, the official IRNA news agency reported.

It said Defence Minister Admiral Ali Shamkhani was among officials on hand for the launch of the Al-Sabehat 15 submarine, which he said was ideally adapted for reconnaissance work and the laying of mines.

He said the sub had undergone 250 hours of "satisfactory" testing and that in addition to adding the Al-Sabehat 15 to the nation's defence forces Iran hopes to sell the craft to other nations.
http://www.iranmania.com/News/ArticleView/Default.asp?NewsCode=3918




Iran Launches its First Submarine



The sub can accommodate a two-man crew and three divers
Iran has launched its first domestically-built mini-submarine in the Gulf port of Bandar Abbas.

The Iranian state news agency, IRNA, said the Al-Sabehat-15 submarine was designed to plant mines and carry out reconnaissance missions.

It can accommodate a two-man crew and up to three divers.

Correspondents say Iran has been working towards self-sufficiency in weapons manufacture ever since its war with Iraq in the 1980s.

IRNA quoted the Iranian Defence Minister, Admiral Ali Shamkhani, as saying that the submarine was designed for the shallow waters of the Gulf.

US embargo

The admiral went on to tell those present at the launching ceremony that Iran hoped to sell it to other countries.

Iran bought its weaponry from the United States until the 1979 Islamic revolution, but Washington subsequently imposed an embargo on further sales, which severely handicapped the Iranian armed forces during the war with Iraq.

As well as buying what supplies and equipment it could on the blackmarket, Iran launched a self-sufficiency drive which has so far enabled it to produced light machine guns, missiles, armoured personnel carriers and tanks.

The submarine is thought to be among the most sophisticated pieces of military equipment it has developed.
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/901492.stm

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